Séance Séminaire

Séminaire de Probabilités et Statistique

lundi 21 octobre 2019 à 13:45 - UM - Bât 09 - Salle 330 (3ème étage)

Virginie Rondeau (INSERM ISPED Bordeaux)

Multivariate Joint Frailty Model for the Analysis of Nonlinear Tumor Kinetics with Recurrent Progressions of Nontarget Progression and Dynamic Predictions of Death

The Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors are used as standard guidelines for the clinical evaluation of cancer treatments. The assessment is based on the anatomical tumor burden: change in size of target lesions and evolution of nontarget lesions (NTL). Despite unquestionable advantages of this standard tool, Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors are subject to some limitations such as categorization of continuous tumor size or negligence of its longitudinal trajectory. In particular, it is of interest to capture its nonlinear shape and model it simultaneously with recurrent progressions of NTL and overall survival. We propose different multivariate nonlinear joint frailty models for recurrent events, and a terminal event with a longitudinal data. In the model, the tumor size trajectory is described using an ordinary differential equation that accounts for the natural growth and treatment?induced decline. We perform a simulation study to validate the method and apply the model to a phase III clinical trial in colorectal cancer. In the results of the analysis, we determine on which component, tumor size, NTL, or death the treatment acts mostly and perform dynamic predictions of death. We compare the model with other models that consider parametric functions or splines for the tumor size trajectory in terms of goodness of fit and predictive accuracy.